5.2 Consolidation principles

These consolidated financial statements for the financial year ended on 31 December 2015 include data of the parent entity and all its subsidiaries after elimination of intercompany transactions.

A subsidiary is an entity that is controlled by another entity. That means that the latter simultaneously has: power over the investee, exposure, or rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and the ability to use its power over the investee to affect the amount of the investor's returns.

In case of losing control over an investment fund, its consolidation is being ceased and the assets and liabilities of this fund are being excluded from consolidated statement of financial position, as well as potential liabilities to its participants. In exchange, the participation units or investment certificates that correspond with the fair value of shares of PZU Group in net assets of such a fund are presented in the statement.

Consolidation involves combining similar items of assets, liabilities, equity, revenue, costs and cash flows of a parent entity and its subsidiaries. Then, the carrying amount of the parent entity’s investment in each subsidiary is eliminated along with the part of equity of each subsidiary that corresponds to the share of the parent entity. Moreover, the assets and liabilities, revenue, costs and cash flows related to the intragroup transactions within PZU Group are eliminated in full.

The financial statements of the parent entity and its subsidiaries used in preparation of the consolidated financial statements are prepared for the same reporting period.

Subsidiaries are subject to consolidation from the commencement of control until the cessation of control.

The principles applicable to translation of assets, liabilities and comprehensive income of foreign subsidiaries denominated in foreign currencies have been presented in Note 5.3.